Mac became slower after upgrade, how to fix?

Mac's performance decreased after operating system upgrade, how to fix?

macOS High Sierra was released in 2017 as an updated version of macOS Sierra. In this version, Apple improved video streaming, data management and compatibility with various video games by increasing graphic performance. Furthermore, Macs running macOS 10.13 High Sierra are more responsive, capable and reliable. These improvements may seem attractive, but many people report problems encountered after upgrade, most frequently reduced Mac performance. This is a significant issue, since users expect operating system updates to improve performance.

Fortunately, there are a number of solutions and ways to increase Mac speed. Note that computers often become slower after updates, since the new operating system requires more resources. To avoid this frustrating situation, you must adjust storage, log-in items, apps running in the background, etc. There might also be issues with hardware: lack of physical memory (RAM) or broken or overheated components. In this article, we describe the most common situations that cause reduced Mac performance and the easiest solutions to restore computer speed.

introduction

Table of Contents:

Your Mac compatibility with macOS High Sierra

First, if you are considering upgrading the operating system, ensure that your Mac is compatible with the new macOS High Sierra. Below is a list of minimum requirements for computers that will smoothly work with High Sierra.

  • iMac (late 2009 and later)
  • MacBook (Late 2009 and later)
  • Mac Pro (2010 and later)
  • Mac Mini (2010 and later)
  • MacBook Air (2010 and later)
  • MacBook Pro (2010 and later)

If you are considering upgrading your system to High Sierra on a Mac that does not meet these requirements, you may face a number of issues such as poor performance or incorrectly working features. There is, however, an option for this situation: as well as an operating system upgrade, you might consider improving the hardware. Physical memory and hard disk storage is very important. So consider installing more RAM and switching the hard drive from a conventional Hard Disk Drive (HDD) to a Solid State Drive (SSD). Many users report that upgrading both operating system and hardware resulted in noticeably improved performance.

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Create a hard drive backup via Time Machine

Although uncommon, reduced Mac performance can indicate that hardware is not working properly. Also, we recommend that you create backups regularly, especially if you are considering any adjustments to your system. The Apple operating system has a built-in backup feature called Time Machine, so you do not need third-party software to backup your hard drive.

  • To start creating backups, just plug in the external hard drive to the Mac (or Time Capsule) and it should automatically ask if you wish to backup your system to the connected drive.
  • If you ignore the prompt, or it does not appear, you can manually set Time Machine to use the connected external storage.
    • Open System Preferences and select Time Machine. Then click on Select Disk.
    • Choose the connected external disk (where the backups of your hard disk will be stored) and enable the option 'Back Up Automatically'.
  • Automatic Time Machine Backups are stored hourly for the past 24 hours, daily for the past month, and weekly for all previous months.
  • If you have just configured Time Machine or wish to create a backup for a specific time, there a 'Back Up Now' option, which immediately starts creating a backup.

time-machine-backup

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Use Activity Monitor to diagnose your issues

Activity Monitor is a useful built-in Mac tool that allows you to study the live status of the computer. It also displays information about resource usage for a particular process. Experienced Mac users keep the activity monitor in the dock and check it regularly, since it provides all information about the computer's performance and live status. Launch Activity Monitor via Spotlight by pressing the keyboard shortcut of Command and Spacebar, or via Finder by going to the Utilities folder under Applications. Once you see the main Activity Monitor window, click the CPU tab and then click the %CPU field to sort processes in order of use of resources. Check the list to see if there are any apps using significant CPU resources. If you find any third-party applications using many CPU resources, look for an alternative and compare CPU usage. You could consider using applications that use less CPU resources, or even delete and reinstall ones with high consumption.

activity-monitor

Similarly, you can diagnose applications and processes that consume extensive physical memory. Start by clicking on the Memory tab, and then click the Memory field to sort results by a memory utilization. If you find troublesome applications, the solution is the same. Try use a similar application or reinstall the problem application - sometimes resetting an application solves resource consumption issues. Another good indicator that your system is having troubles with CPU or RAM usage is idle time, displayed in the bottom of the Activity Monitor. If you see that idle is less than 50%, the processor is struggling and is used most of the time, thus resulting in reduced Mac performance.

activity-monitor-ram

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Enable macOS Sierra storage managements tools

Apple released many built-in optimization and diagnostic tools with macOS Sierra. These manage storage, or diagnose and solve software and hardware issues. The storage tools provide 'Recommendations' for: iCloud, Optimize Storage, Empty Trash Automatically, and Reduce Clutter features. To enable any of these features click the Apple Logo and choose 'About this Mac..', and then select the Storage tab and click the Manage button.

managements-tools

Store in iCloud and Optimize Storage tools

A crucial resource for proper computer work is storage management. If the hard disk contains less than 10% of available free space, you might see various warnings and experience reduced performance. The Store (in iCloud) and Optimize Storage features save space by automatically moving files and photos to iCloud or removing movies, TV shows, and email attachments when storage space is required. Files and media content will not be transferred to iCloud or removed, until the hard drive contains more than 10% of available free space.

icloud-storage

Auto-Empty Trash

The Trash Can can often hide many junk files stored with the intention of deletion but were perhaps forgotten. Important files are not often stored in Trash, so enabling 'Empty Trash Automatically' is a good solution, since it removes files that have been present in the folder for more than 30 days. If you are not sure if you need to enable this tool, open Trash and press the combination of Command and I. When files are selected (highlighted), check how much space all files within Trash consume.

empty-trash

Reduce Clutter

This tool identifies large files - downloads and others - that might be redundant. When you click Review Files, a new window with a list of files and three tabs will appear. Check all categories and consider which files you no longer use and can be erased. In some categories, you can delete files directly and permanently by clicking the 'x' beside the file name.

reduce-clutter

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Boot the Mac into Safe Mode

Safe mode or Safe Boot is a good way to test if any installed third-party applications affect the Mac performance. Also, Safe Mode helps when the system struggles to launch. Safe Mode repairs any directory issues, launches only required kernels, prevents any start-up items from booting automatically, and removes cache files, such as application and font caches. To boot the Mac into Safe Mode, first shut down, and then hold down the shift key and turn on. Once the Apple logo appears, you can release the shift button. On the sign-in screen, you will see a Safe boot in the top right corner. If you signed in without noticing, you can check by opening System Information - next to Safe boot Safe will be displayed. You can exit Safe Mode by restarting the Mac in the usual way, or press any key while the computer is booting. Booting into Safe Mode often solves various issues related to reduced performance. If this step helped to improve Mac performance, the problem was probably related to directory or cache files.

safe-mode

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Check login items

If the step above indicated that the problem might be related to login items, try disabling each of them. First, open System Preferences, and then choose Users & Groups. Select the account name you are using and click on Login Items. You will see a list of apps that will start automatically. In case you need all of them, make a list and save it somewhere before proceeding. Select all and click Remove. Then restart the Mac. If removing login items solved the performance issue, go back to the Users & Groups pane and add them back one by one, restarting the computer after each app added. In this way, you can diagnose which applications cause performance issues.

login-items

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Create temporary administrator account

Creating a new temporary administrator user account is another easy method to troubleshoot performance issues. The new user will indicate if the problem is related to files and software, or is it related to the hardware and operating system. To create another user account, open System Preferences and choose Users & Groups. Click the lock icon and confirm your permissions by entering the administrator account name and password. Then click the Add (+) button. Select Administrator from the drop-down menu in the new account window, complete the required details, such as name, account name and password, hint, etc., and click OK. Once you have created the new administrator account, log out of the existing account and sign in to the newly created one. Check the Mac's performance in daily usage. If works efficiently, there is a problem with the previous account's files and settings. Diagnostic tools might be able to solve corrupted account issues. If you wish to delete the newly created account, just log out, sign in with the main administrator account, go back to Users & Groups pane, select the newly created account name and click Remove.

temporary-admin-acc

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Use Reduce Transparency and Reduce Motion

Graphic effects, such as transparent windows and overlays may seem attractive, but often consume heavy system resources (which increases with each new window). Additionally, macOS includes many motion-type effects within Mission Control and elsewhere. If you are experiencing reduced performance, you can disable these effects and work normally. Open Mac's System Preferences, and then choose Accessibility. Select Display from the list in the left side of window, look for options named Reduce motion and Reduce transparency, and enable the checkboxes next to them. Finally, check if performance has improved.

reduce-motion-transparency

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Reset SMC and PRAM/NVRAM

System Management Controller (SMC) and parameter RAM are responsible for various low-level functions, such as fans, lights, power, system volume, etc. Over time (or sometimes after system updates), these might become corrupted. The solution, however, is simple. Reset these controllers and Mac performance will improve.

Reset SMC on MacBook

Begin with shutting down the computer. Then disconnect the power cord and wait for about 15-20 seconds. Reattach the power cable, hold down Shift, Option, Control, and Power button together for about 10 seconds. Then, release all keys and turn on the computer in a usual way. Details of how to reset SMC on other Mac computers can be found in this detailed guide.

reset-smc-retina

Reset PRAM/NVRAM

Begin with shutting down the Mac. Turn on the computer. Immediately when you hear startup chime, press and hold down Option, Command, P, and R together. Hold these buttons until the Mac restarts.

nvram-reset

Video Showing how to fix decreased Mac performance after system upgrade:

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About the author:

Tomas Meskauskas

I am passionate about computer security and technology. I have an experience of 10 years working in various companies related to computer technical issue solving and Internet security. I have been working as an editor for pcrisk.com since 2010. Follow me on Twitter to stay informed about the latest tech news or online security threats. Contact Tomas Meskauskas.

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